With the increase in incidence of diabetes and increase in life expectancy, the risk of retinal disorders such as diabetic retinopathy and age related macular degeneration has gone up. We continuously make efforts to create awareness in patients suffering from diseases such as diabetes, heart conditions, high blood pressure, etc. who are more susceptible to be affected by retinal disorders. In some cases, the damage caused to the eye is irreversible. Therefore, we also conduct regular family screening clinics, diabetes screening clinics etc. so that we can identify retina disorders before they grow to a vision threatening stage.
The retina is the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of our eye. Light rays are focused onto the retina through our cornea, pupil and lens. The retina converts the light rays into impulses that travel through the optic nerve to our brain, where they are interpreted as the images we see.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the outer layers of the eye. If not treated early, retinal detachment may lead to partial or complete loss of vision. Retinal detachment usually occurs after tears develop in the retina (Fluid passes through these openings and separates the retina from the other layers of the eye.
The most common cause of vision loss in diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease caused by increasing levels of sugar in the blood. In the long-term, this condition mainly affects kidneys, the nerves in the limbs and the eyes. Diabetes, particularly in the nerve tissue of the eye (retina), affects the capillary cells and impairs their functioning, causing vision loss. Retinal damage due to diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy.